Albert Einstein (center right) stands beside Carlos Chagas (center left). Chagas, a Brazilian scientist, hygienist and infectiologist (1879-1934), became aware of large blood-sucking insects, which lived in local dwellings and bit people during their sleep, usually in the face. When dissecting these bugs, Chagas found numerous trypanosomes in their hindgut. He named them Trypanosoma cruzi in honor of his mentor, the Brazilian physician and bacteriologist Oswaldo Cruz (1872-1917). Chagas described the new discovered infectious disease, its parasite, vector, host, clinical manifestation, and epidemiology.
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